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A Simplified Web Development with Static Site Generators

by Deborah Iroegbu

July 20, 2023


When we talk about web development, efficiency, and performance are key factors for building multi-functional websites. 


Developers are continually looking for tools and technologies that can streamline their workflow and offer high-performance websites to users as their projects get more complicated and demanding. 


One such technology that has gained significant popularity in recent years is static site generators (SSGs). These advanced technologies provide a variety of perks to developers, including higher productivity, improved security, and improved website speed.


This article will explore the concept of static site generators, understand how they work and their types, and highlight their advantages in empowering developers with efficient workflows and performance-driven web development.



What are Static Site Generators?

A static site generator is a tool that helps developers create websites with pre-built HTML, CSS, and JavaScript files. 

This software tool generates static HTML files based on a set of templates, content files, and configuration options. Static sites are pre-built throughout the development process, contrary to conventional dynamic websites that utilize server-side processing in building web pages. 

This implies that there is no need for server-side processing or a database because the HTML, CSS, and JavaScript files have already been generated and can be instantly provided to the user

How Do Static Site Generators Work?

The workflow of static site generators typically involves the following steps:

  1. Content Creation: Developers create content using a markup language such as Markdown or HTML. Content can include text, images, videos, and any other media.
  2. Template Design: Developers define templates using a templating language, which allows for dynamic content insertion and layout structuring. Templates provide a consistent structure and design for the website. Some template languages can be found here.
  3. Compilation: The static site generator uses the content files and templates to build static HTML files. This procedure frequently includes parsing the markup language, applying templates, and producing the final result.
  4. Deployment: The generated static files can be deployed to any web server or content delivery network (CDN) for distribution to end users. Since static sites are self-contained, they can be served from any simple web server without needing server-side processing.



A content management system (CMS) is software that allows users to generate, maintain, and alter website content without requiring technical skills. In other words, a CMS allows you to create a website without having to write code from scratch (or even knowing how to code at all). Examples include WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal. The following outlines the differences between CMS and SSG:

  • Static Sites are Faster than a CMS: Static site generators do not need a database to function, but a CMS does. Hence, it is faster.


  • CMS is more user-friendly than SSG: Without having coding or technical experience, you can create a website using a static site generator or content management system. However, a static site generator cannot utilize a page builder, whereas a CMS can.


  • SSG is more customizable than CMS: The process of customizing a content management system is more difficult than creating a static website since, even for experts, it takes a lot of time and is tedious and error-prone. 


Editing files, style sheets, and JavaScript scripts on a CMS or dynamic site takes a long time. The static site generator, however, is simple to modify.




1. Improved Performance:

Static sites offer exceptional performance since they can be delivered directly to the user’s browser without needing server-side processing.

This eliminates the overhead of dynamic database queries, resulting in faster page loads and a better user experience. 

Additionally, static sites are a perfect fit for content delivery networks (CDNs), which may provide information from servers closer to the user because of their high cache ability.


2. Enhanced Security:

Static sites are inherently more secure than dynamic sites. A potential attack is significantly reduced with no server-side processing or database interactions. 

There are no vulnerabilities related to server-side code execution, SQL injections, or other ordinary web application attacks. 

By eliminating these potential security risks, developers can focus more on other critical aspects of their website’s security.


3. Version Control and Collaboration:

Static site generators often integrate well with version control systems like Git and GitHub.

This allows developers to track changes, collaborate with team members, and revert to previous versions easily. 

Version control also enables efficient deployment workflows, with automated processes for building and deploying static sites to various environments.


4. Flexibility and Portability:

Static site generators allow developers to choose from a wide range of development frameworks, libraries, and tools. 

They are not tied to a specific server-side language or framework and can be used with any frontend stack. 

This flexibility allows developers to leverage their existing skills and work with the tools they are most comfortable with.


5. Developer Experience:

Static site generators enhance developer productivity by automating repetitive tasks and reducing the complexity of web development from scratch.

They provide features such as live reloading, which instantly updates the browser whenever changes are made, eliminating the need for manual refreshing. 

Furthermore, separating content and presentation concerns streamlines the development process, allowing developers to concentrate more on generating compelling user experiences.


6. SEO-Friendly and Accessibility:

Because they offer clear, indexable HTML information that search engines can readily crawl and interpret, static websites are inherently SEO-friendly. 

They also tend to have better performance scores, which search engines like Google consider when ranking websites.

Moreover, by adhering to web standards and best practices, static sites can be designed with accessibility in mind, ensuring that all users can access and navigate the website content effectively.


7. Cost-Effectiveness:

Hosting and serving static sites is typically more cost-effective compared to dynamic sites. 

Since there is no need for server-side processing or dynamic infrastructure, the hosting requirements are minimal. Static sites can be hosted on inexpensive web servers or served directly from a content delivery network (CDN), resulting in lower hosting costs.



Several static site generators are widely used in the web development community. Here are a few popular ones:

1. Jekyll:

Jekyll, written in Ruby, is one of the most widely used static site generators. It has a large community and offers a straightforward template system and plugin ecosystem.

2. Hugo:

Hugo is a fast static site generator built with Go. It boasts remarkable build speeds and provides a flexible templating system, making it suitable for large-scale projects.

3. Gatsby:

Gatsby, built with React, is a popular choice for building static sites and progressive web applications (PWAs). It offers a wealth of plugins and integrations, enabling developers to create feature-rich websites. Many front-end developers use Gatsby due to its lower complexity.

4. Next.js:

Although Next.js is primarily a framework for server-rendered React applications, it also offers static site generation capabilities. It provides an excellent developer experience and is well-suited for building dynamic and static hybrid websites. Most developers are familiar with Next.js.



For developers aiming to improve their workflow and produce high-performance websites, static site generators have proven to be a potent ally.

By eliminating the need for server-side processing, they offer improved performance, enhanced security, and increased developer productivity. 

With a wide range of static site generators available, developers have the flexibility to choose the one that best fits their needs and leverage the tools and frameworks they are most comfortable with. 

As the demand for faster, more secure, and scalable websites continues to grow, static site generators will remain a valuable asset for empowering developers in their pursuit of efficient workflow and performance-driven web development.

Charisol has wonderful developers that build amazing websites using these static site generator tools. Get that amazing website for your business, start-up, or company today.



Picture of Deborah Iroegbu

Deborah Iroegbu

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